Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans



Pinky Akter
Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans

Environmental pollution is adversely affecting the biodiversity of the Sundarbans

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

The Sundarbans, a sanctuary for animals, is more affected by climate change than by human pollution. As the altitude is lower than the sea level, whenever the sea level rises, it directly affects the Sundarbans. The flow of fresh water in the forest is decreasing. Excess of silt and salt water in rivers is increasing. As a result biodiversity is facing severe loss. due to severe floods every year, the areas of Sundarbans are losing land due to erosion. land erosion has increased in the southern region. especially Cutka and Mandar Bari areas are being eroded and disappearing into the sea. By this, the habitat of the animals is shrinking. In addition to climate change, the rivers, canals and streams flowing through the beautiful forest are being polluted by humans in various ways. Due to the construction of infrastructure, pollution from ships, the amount of oil is increasing along with salinity in the river water which is a threat to life and nature.

According to a study, around 2010, the amount of oil per liter of water in Pashur River was the maximum of 10.8 milligrams. And now it has increased almost sixfold, to 68 mg. In addition, on December 9, 2014, the Sundarbans suffered massive damage due to the sinking of a tank carrying three and a half lakh liters of furnace oil. Later there were several incidents of shipwrecks of potash, coal and clinker in rivers flowing through the forest.

Excess salinity in water, storm surges are making it unsafe for animals to drink water inside the forest, the number and intensity of storms has increased compared to before, and animal reproduction is also being disrupted.

Professor of Zoology Department of Jahangirnagar University. Monirul H Khan said, the Sundarbans environment is being irreparably damaged by humans.

An average of 3 to 5 tigers are killed by poachers every year. Poachers hunt tigers primarily for their skins and bones, which are sold for millions of rupees. In China and East Asian countries, the huge demand for tiger organs is increasing, and the world's endangered animals, the tigers, are dying. According to environmentalists, after 1975 the Sundarbans did not have any more tigers.

In 1999, up to 10 km around the forest was declared an 'Environmentally Critical Area' or ECA. And according to the Environment Protection Act, any type of factory is prohibited in ECA. Whereas in a document presented to the court by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change itself, it is said that 190 factories have valid permission to set up within 10 kilometers of the Sundarbans. The actual situation is more delicate. In the last eight to ten years, more than half a hundred heavy industrial companies have been established. These include hazardous factories like cement factories, LP gas plants, oil refineries, bitumen, sea food processing. And their liquid waste is dumped into the POSHUR river, which then flows into the Sundarbans, polluting the water and soil.

According to local fishermen, the reproductive capacity of fish has decreased compared to earlier. Many fish are almost extinct. Among them Pangos, Chakkhoda, Bangas, kaine, Medamash, Chakul/shapla pata, Armash, Gongune, Payra, Tade, Rayna, Bashpata fish, Gulemash, Chamogulo, Feshafish, Kharkull, Kaibol fish are notable.

Environmental activis Ram krishna claim that aquatic animals are disappearing due to illegal use of pesticides, poisoning and fishing in current nets.

The number of crocodiles has decreased. Birds are not seen in the forest like before. For example - Tarkael, Vulture, Fox, Crow, Darkak, Pecha, Snake, Dhade, Bugdasha, Tortoise, Madantak, Pankauri, Shankal, Pakch, Tia, Fye, Dharibak, Kuchbak Kolrob are no more. And all this is happening due to climate change and environmental pollution, said local environmentalists.

Meanwhile, in 2010, the St. Petersburg World Tiger Conference in Russia announced the doubling of the number of tigers, but Bangladesh has not been able to achieve that goal yet.

In this regard, Professor Monir H Khan said, the impact on the living environment of forest animals is damaging their foodchain, and thus the animals are becoming extinct. Which is an auspicious sign for animal diversity. If this continues, the country's economy will suffer along with the eco system and therefore the government must take necessary steps now.

Monir H Khan recommends taking adaptive measures to maintain the lifestyle of biodiversity. Along with that, he also talked about regular monitoring to prevent environmental pollution in the forest.

Mihir Kumar Do, forest conservator of Khulna region, said that they do not have any exact information regarding the biodiversity inside the forest. However, police personnel patrol the forest to prevent illegal activities.

Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. Its area is 6 thousand 17 square kilometers. On February 4, 1999, an area of about one lakh 43 thousand hectares of forest was declared as a sanctuary for wildlife. However, due to natural calamities such as floods, landslides, river erosion, most of the local residents of the area are making a living by cutting trees in the forest, illegally fishing and damaging the nature of the forest in various ways. Therefore, the environmentalists also urges to government to make alternative arrangements for their livelihood.

Chef Santosh- Flavours of india at Amari Dhaka



Mansura chamily
Chef Santosh- Flavours of india at Amari Dhaka

Chef Santosh- Flavours of india at Amari Dhaka

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Experience the exotic flavours of India at Amari Dhaka. Mouth-watering delicacies will be prepared by Indian culinary maestro, Chef Santosh, at Amaya Food Gallery from 29 September to 5 October 2022.

This special promo will be held at the Amaya food gallery of the Amari Dhaka where guests will be presented with famous authentic Indian delicacies from Kashmir, Punjab, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Hyderabad, Goan and Kerala such as jodhpur pulao, laal mass, banjara chicken, maachli jaisamandi, jodhpuri vegetables, lakhnawi mutton briyani, kashmiri chicken pulao, maharashtra food, fish amrisari, palak saag, dal tadka, chicken masala bhat, mutton nu keeme, patra ni machchi, batata tomato nu saag, maratha chicken rice, mutton kolhapuri, fish koliwada, mangalore chicken briyani, nandan kozhi curry, malabar fish, mix veg poriyal, dum ka ghosht, fish masala, sabz handi, bombay chicken briyani, mutton kolhapuri, fish koliwada, kadi pakodi and many more. Every single day guests can enjoy different flavours of India.
The special buffet will be available during dinner only and is priced at Tk5499 NET per person. For the delectable buffet, guests will be able to avail of the Buy One Get Two (B1G2) offers from the selected bank cards. The other live kitchens will be also available throughout this festive period.
For dining, guests will have to make prior reservations by calling Amaya Food Gallery at 01777796444 or 01777796445.

;

Renaissance Décor introduces three new Italian Brands



News Desk, Barta24.com
photo: collected

photo: collected

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Renaissance Decor Limited launched three of the world’s renowned interior brands Roberto Cavalli Home Interiors, ETRO Home Interiors, and Gianfranco Ferré Home in Banani, Dhaka. Enrico Nunziata, Ambassador of Italy to Bangladesh inaugurated these brands on Saturday morning at Banani in the capital.

This new showroom of Renaissance Decor Limited is located in Level 5, Plot 76, Road 11, Banani.

The inauguration event was ordained by H.E. Enrico Nunziata, Italian Ambassador to Bangladesh as Chief Guest, along with Mr. Federico Brambilla and Mr. Roberto Curati, as Special Guests representing Roberto Cavalli Home Interiors, ETRO Home Interiors, and Gianfranco Ferré Home brands on behalf of ONIRO Group srl.

Enrico Nunziata, the Italian ambassador, stated during the chief guest's speech at the occasion, “It’s truly an honor and privilege to be part of this launching ceremony at Renaissance Decor Limited. The company made a remarkable journey in the last 8 years, bringing over 40 Italian manufacturers and brands to Bangladesh. Renaissance Decor has definitely created a world class stage in this showroom where a walk-in customer or even an architect will be mesmerized. Renaissance’s aspiration is to build the demand in the local market for high quality furniture. I am confident that a joint collaboration could start in the near future with various Italian companies. It would create new job opportunities and would increase export from Bangladesh of upscaled best designed furniture. With utmost pleasure, I announce the inauguration of the showroom and launching of Made in Italy brands: Roberto Cavalli Home Interiors, ETRO Home Interiors and Gianfranco Ferré Home in Bangladesh.”

Mr. Federico Brambilla, Special Guest of the event said, ““We are proud to be represented by Renaissance Decor as our official exclusive dealer in Bangladesh. We believe Renaissance’s strength lies in product knowledge and a management structure where the entire Sales and Design Team has the ability to offer interior design for home and commercial projects, according to the furniture and material selection that serves best the needs of their client. This allows a unique depth of vision. Which becomes a value.”

Mehreen Asaf, Managing Director, Renaissance Decor thanked all the clients and brand partners for their trust and support which enabled the company to keep evolving. She stated, “As a company we owe our success to our 50-member team and all gratitude to The Almighty. Our Sales and Design Team are continuously trained by our foreign brand partners in Bangladesh and abroad. We are specially blessed to have a team of young talented architects and managers who eagerly take the challenge of creating a lifestyle driven bespoke solution for space and interior design that exceeds clients’ expectations. We look forward to delighting our clients with end-to-end products and design services both home and abroad.”

Another Special guest Mr. Roberto Curati said about the event, “Over the last few years Renaissance Decor has demonstrated value and trust in our brand partnerships. We are confident in their ability to promote these world class, Made in Italy brands in Bangladesh. The arrival of these prestigious brands has enhanced Bangladesh’s image globally as an emerging market for fashion and design.”

The 17,000 sqft showroom display demonstrates installed products for clients and architects to walk into an imaginary lifestyle setting providing a unique and comely experience for the first time ever in Bangladesh.
Renaissance Decor offers complete interior design with product solution for every lifestyle. Product categories composed by 50+ brands include: Doors, Windows, Kitchen, Wardrobes, Bathroom Furniture, exterior and interior Surfaces for walls and floors, office and home Furniture, Outdoor Furniture, Lighting, Carpets, Architectural Wallpapers, Paneling, Marbles, Ceramics, Mosaic, Porcelain Stoneware, Home Linen and Textiles, Home Accessories and Ceramics. All brands work exclusively with Renaissance Decor for the territory of Bangladesh. The vast portfolio allows Renaissance Decor to be competitive and technically trained for complete project deployment.

;

Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture



Pinky Akter
Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture

Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Md: Abbas Uddin. Bholar is living in high fashion. According to family sources, his occupation is agricultural work. 52-year-old Solaiman Miah has been working in agriculture for about 32 years.

He cultivates paddy and various kinds of vegetables in his 2 acres of land. However, in recent years, his agricultural land has not yielded as expected. And this farmer blames the effect of climate change on less rain, and weather variation as the main reason.

Climate change has had a negative impact on agricultural land. Agriculture in saline areas is at grave risk. They are facing various problems including irrigation water.

Talk to more farmers in Charfashion. They said that this year's low rainfall has adversely affected production. There has been an increase in the number of insects on the land. Green leafhoppers eat rice chlorophyll. There may also be various crop diseases

But the bigger problem is salt water. which mixes with agricultural soil and destroys crops. Talked to Solaiman of the local farmers association. He said the arable land is becoming uncultivated due to the intensity of salinity. Yields are falling, crops are deepening economic wounds in coastal areas. Farmers said that they could not sow rice seeds on time due to the weather this year.

But the acute problem is that of irrigation water in the land. The decrease in the navigability of the rivers and the increase in the height of the salt water of the sea is due to the fact that the salt water of the sea is entering the agricultural land through tributaries from the river. In this area, it is not possible to irrigate the land from river or pond water in the coastal agricultural land, so the farmers have to irrigate the land by raising water through tube wells.

Farmers say that we used to irrigate the agricultural land by retaining the rainwater, but this year due to less rain, it will have a negative impact on paddy cultivation. In addition, due to less rain, irrigation will have to be done by extracting underground water, in this case, the production cost will also increase.

in this regard, Dr. Ainun Nishat, former vice-chancellor and climate expert of BRAC University, said that the situation is getting worse due to salinity. Farmers are unable to use surface water for irrigation, she further added that if the land is not made arable, it will affect people's life and ecology. Apart from this, salt water should be prevented from entering by constructing and rebuilding dams in this area. Integrated planning and its implementation are essential for overall development.

Researchers from Ohio State University and Arizona State University have conducted a study on the effects of climate change. The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change under the title 'Coastal Climchange The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change under the title 'Coastal Climate Change, Soil Salinity and Human Migration in Bangladesh'. The researchers estimated that a moderate increase in salinity would reduce a farm's agricultural income by 21 percent annually. 40 percent of agricultural land in southern Bangladesh will be under serious threat.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Founder Director Professor Dr. M. Tofazzal Islam Shaheen said, due to climate change, the agriculture sector is suffering severe damage. Crop diseases are increasing. Day by day the underground water level is going down, rivers are drying up, and deserts have appeared in some areas. He also said that high yield is possible without water irrigation in agriculture. The problem of climate change is becoming more pronounced on the coast of Bangladesh. Due to saline water in agriculture, they are not able to provide artificial irrigation. He talks about the discovery of agricultural production with less irrigation. Besides, Tofazzal Islam also suggested developing new technology and increasing research in agriculture.

3,000 liters of water is required for the production of each kilogram of rice. Maize and wheat require one-tenth of water.

A study by the Soil Resources Research Institute (SRDI) has revealed that coastal districts are deprived of more than 3 million tonnes of foodgrain production every year due to salinity alone.

SRDI recently conducted a study to assess the impact of salinity on agriculture in coastal areas. It has emerged that salinity has a large negative impact on the overall socio-economic situation including food security in the southern part of the country. As the salinity increases, the activity of microorganisms in the soil of the coastal region is decreasing. At the same time, the availability of organic matter, nitrogen, and phosphorus in the soil is also decreasing. On the contrary, copper and zinc levels are increasing.

Ripon Kumar Mandal, Chairman of the Department of Agricultural Economics of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University said, "we have started climate tolerant agricultural production. Various adaptations including aqua culture are being adopted on the coast.

;

Most of the female tea workers are at risk of reproductive health!



Pinky Akter
Most of the female tea workers are at risk of reproductive health!

Most of the female tea workers are at risk of reproductive health!

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

35-year-old Geeta Kanu works in a Julekha Nagar tea plantation. For a long time, she has been suffering from various physical problems including itching in the uterus, severe pain in the lower abdomen, and white discharge. And to get rid of these, the doctor of the Upazila Health Complex has advised the use of sanitary pads along with medicines.

Geeta Kanu uses scraps of old sarees on her menstrual days. He has to work in the tea garden for eight to ten hours a day. And at this time, this woman cannot even change the piece of cloth used during menstruation. Even during menstruation, she has to hold her urine due to a lack of adequate sanitation system which is very harmful to her health.


Gita bathed in the water of the canal in the garden to reuse the used menstrual cloth. Again, many people wash their daily drinking water with the water of that canal, which environmentalists think is dangerous for human health as well as the environment.

About 400 other women workers work with Geeta in the Julekha Nagar tea garden. Most of the people I talk to are suffering from some kind of uterine problem.

According to the Bangladesh Tea Board and Tea Workers Union, there are a total of 256 tea gardens in the country. 92 tea gardens in the country are in the Moulvibazar district. 70% of the more than 122,000 tea workers working in the tea gardens are women. And in Srimangal, visiting a few gardens including Kharyaura, Hooglichra, and Lakhaibagan, you can see that there is no sanitation system for women workers. Nor is Bagan providing them with any health benefits during menstruation. Due to this most women are suffering from reproductive health problems.

Nigat Sadia Director of USHA has been working with garden workers for a long time.
Nigat said that in 2019, an NGO on women's reproductive health conducted a camp with 250 women in Khadim Nagar tea garden where 13 women were diagnosed with uterine cancer. Worryingly, there is no sanitization system to protect the reproductive health of these working women. He added, in some gardens, toilets are being used by both men and women. And still, most of the gardens do not have good toilet facilities, no pad or hygienic is provided by the garden during the monthly period. And it is impossible for them to buy pads with low income.

A survey found that almost all of the workers were suffering from various chronic illnesses. Fifty percent of them receive treatment at dispensaries, 20 percent at home or from Quakers, and 20 percent at government hospitals. In the case of women workers, they do not want to seek medical help due to taboos related to menstruation. And by the time they go to the doctor, their disease has progressed to a very serious stage. For this, it is necessary to check their reproductive health regularly, said Tamisra.

;