Today is the day to achieve glory for the Bengali sons of who gave their lives for language



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
photo: Collected

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My pride, my hope. AA-mori Bengali language!' There is no other language as sweet as Bengali in the world. The sweetness and importance of Bengali language is not only limited to 1 lakh 48 thousand square miles.

Although the people of many countries sacrificed themselves to be free, no one had an idea that anyone would have to die for the language! The sons of Bengali mothers got the honor of giving life for the first language in the world.

The movement started in February. Although the movement went on for several rounds, unarmed Bengali students were shot in the chest by the police and the streets were drenched in blood. So the year 1952 is the period of awakening of Bengalis. The foundation of independent Bangladesh was established on February 21 of this year. It was on that day that a small country began to wake up, gain independence and become known to the world.

In 1999, UNESCO recognized 21st February as International Mother Language. This honor is simultaneously a joy and a pain. This memorable date is associated with Bengalis and the existence of Bengal. Turning the golden pages of history can be seen, the memories of the martyrs are still wet in the blood!

After the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, two independent states, Hindustan and Pakistan, were born. Independent Pakistan was established on the eastern and western sides of Hindustan on the basis of religious majority. With that, two separate states of Pakistan, East Pakistan and West Pakistan were created. Pakistan was formed by the combination of 4 crore 40 lakh people of East Pakistan and 6 crore 90 people of West Pakistan. However, since the partition, the disparity between the two states began to be noticed. Even though it was a state of the same country, Bengalis were deprived in all aspects of government, administration and economy, military. The first protest against that discrimination took place in 1952.

Bengalis were optimistic about the newly created state. However, the discriminating West Pakistanis throw sand of despair in the eyes that are shining in the dream of potential which started with language. Bengali was the mother tongue of 54 percent of people in Pakistan. But the Pakistanis strongly refused to give Bengali the honor of the state language. Attempts were even made to completely erase Bengali from the national currency and postage stamps. Forced to cripple the Bengali linguistically, any opportunity should not be missed! West Pakistani leaders are seen to take such a decision. So besides being disappointed with the newly formed state, anger started building up in the minds of Bengalis.

Although two states of the same country, the dominance of the western part of Pakistan emerged from the beginning. Karachi was made the capital of Pakistan. It was announced at the National Education Conference of the new state that only Urdu would be the official language of Pakistan. It is recommended to use only one language in schools, offices and also in the media.

The decision was immediately contested in the East. The people of Dhaka joined the rally under the leadership of Abul Kashem, the founder of Tamuddin Majlis. Demands to recognize Bengali as another state language of Pakistan continued. But West Pakistan was adamant. Their 'Public Service Commission of Pakistan' approved list did not include Bengali names. The angry Bengalis decided to take any step to give Bengali the status of the state language. On December 8, 1947, the students formally raised this demand in the premises of Dhaka University. The procession and agitation continued.

On March 21, 1948, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, announced that Urdu would be the sole language of Pakistan. Immediately the Bengalis protested. Even after Jinnah's death, the dispute between the two sides of Pakistan continued over making Bengali the state language. The resolute Bengalis carried out the movement stop by stop which continued for several years.

The final fuel was added on January 26, 1952. In a rally in Dhaka, the final declaration was made, 'Urdu and Urdu will be the only national language of Pakistan.' On February 21 (Falgun 8 of 1358 in Bengal), Bengalis called for a general strike on this demand. Announcing the cancellation of meetings and marches with the imposition of section 144 to suppress the strike.

Young students were fired upon for disobeying government orders. Many students including Salam, Rafiq, Barkat, Jabbar, Shafiur were martyred. Many were arrested. Everyone gathered at Dhaka Medical College to insult the independence of the independent nation. On February 22, the general public including students also gathered and mourned the martyrs. Shaheed Minar was built next to the medical college overnight on February 23.

On February 26, the Shaheed Minar was demolished and the martyrs were insulted. Hardliner Pakistan is determined not to let the Bengalis raise their heads. The picture changed somewhat in 1954. If the United Front wins the election, let the Bengalis get relief. On February 29, 1956, the constitution was amended. There Bengali is given the honor of state language along with Urdu. Although the movement and sacrifices were successful for several years, the Bengalis realized that their struggle had only just begun. They have no freedom in their own country, rather discrimination.

Until the 90s, 21st February was observed as Martyrs Day of Bengal. However, since gaining international recognition and respect for the respective languages worldwide. Currently around 27 to 28 crore people speak Bengali in the world.

   

Doel Chattar is the kingdom of elegance for urban handicraft lovers



Gulshan Jahan Sarika, Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com
Doel Chattar

Doel Chattar

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Various handicrafts are part of the century-old tradition of Bengali life. Handicrafts, pottery are connected with modern Bengal and Bengali life diversity. These cottage arts are not only delicate handicrafts, but they tell the story of Bengali life.

A handicraft fair is held throughout the year at Doel Chatter next to Shishu Academy opposite Curzon Hall of Dhaka University. The shopkeepers are sitting in rows of varieties handicrafts. Small and large clay vases, tubs, wall mats, pen pots, clay elephants, horses, banks, plates, bowls, glasses, spoons, wall and home decoration items are found here. A new color is riding on the clay urn around Pohela Boishakh.

The shops are full of Bangaliana prints. A variety of earthenware, terracotta work, wooden carvings. Doel Chattar area of the capital is a kingdom of delicacy for urban handicraft lovers. Handicraft lovers get lost in this state of delicacy in the amalgamation of pottery, handicrafts and cane art.

Along with pottery in Doel Chattar, wood, cane, jute, brass, and bronze products also attract buyers. Savvy people visit Doel Chattar to buy wooden and clay jewelry including carved wooden jewelry boxes, table lamps, wall mats, jute bags, doll showpieces. Demand for these products is high during Bengali New Year.

There are more than 40 shops across the footpath from Dhaka Gate to Shishu Academy. About 30 years ago, a few shops started selling various items made of clay, then various handicrafts were added to it, the demand and the number of shops increased with time. They bring these things from kumartuli of various places including Savar, Patuakhali and sell them. In Kumartuli, there is a game of hand and mind with potter's clay. There, making a clay palm, turning the wheel, making various beautiful things by hand. Those things take place in beautifying the urban meeting room. And the people of the city can get these things very easily in the Doel Chattar area of DU.

Ariful Islam, the owner of Golam Pottery, has been doing business at Doel Chattar for about 25 years. He told Barta 24, "I have been doing business here for many years; it will be fifty-five years. Many people in the city, including local and foreign tourists, buy things from us. People who like to buy things from here to decorate their houses. We bring earthenware from Patuakhali. These items are sold more during Pohela Boishakh. Moreover, there is a demand throughout the year."

Shahadat Hossain from Rewan Handicraft said, "We sell bamboo, wood cane, brass, jute and earthen goods in retail and wholesale. There are many home decoration items. There are also earthen dinner sets, jewelry, jute bags. In fact, sales double on the first Boishakh. Things made from Savar, Patuakhali come here, we make them more beautiful by painting them and they sell Taka 80 thousand to Taka 1 lakh  every month in almost every shop.

Shahnewaz Khanam, who came to buy home decoration items from Doel Chattar, said, "Most of the clay items for my house are taken from here. Items are available from Tk. 50 to Tk. 2500. Clay ornaments, wooden ornaments, terracotta are all available at low prices."

The heritage of Bengali folk culture extends beyond the village to the elegance of urban life. Apart from handicrafts, pottery and various handicrafts made of wood, bamboo, rattan, the people of Bengal cherish the tradition of their lifestyle, the beauty of which people go to the handicraft fair adjacent to Doel Chattar. 

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BNP is making imaginary lies about disappearances and torture: Obaidul Quader



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
Photo: Barta24

Photo: Barta24

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Awami League General Secretary and Road Transport and Bridges Minister Obaidul Quader said that when the people of Bangladesh from all walks of life are celebrating the holy Eid festival, in a safe and joyful environment, every corner of the house is celebrating the festival with families and relatives at that time, BNP is misleading the people.

Obaidul Quader said this in a statement sent to the media condemning the false, fabricated and misleading statements of BNP Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir on Saturday (April 13).

In the statement, Obaidul Quader said that the information given by Mirza Fakhrul about the disappearances and murders of activists and the number of cases filed is completely fabricated. After all the conspiracies of the BNP to obstruct the democracy and electoral process of Bangladesh have failed, they are now making blatant lies with fabricated information.

Awami League General Secretary said, BNP leaders are continuously running this anti-government propaganda in the hope of getting mercy and political support from foreign masters regarding the number of so-called disappearances, murders and cases. Mirza Fakhrul Islam demanded to publish the complete list of BNP leaders with specific information if there is any incident of so-called persecution for political reasons without spreading false propaganda.

He said that the Jubo Dal leader who died in Thakurgaon was a locally identified drug addict and several cases were pending against him for various terrorist activities including drug trade. If there is any violation of law, the government will look into the matter seriously. But Mirza Fakhrul is trying to gain political advantage by spreading false propaganda by accusing the natural death of a criminal like a drug addict and drug dealer as 'government torture on the opposition'.

Obaidul Quader said, when the BNP was in power, on August 21, 2004, a hellish grenade attack was carried out to completely wipe out the Bangladesh Awami League. Between 2001 and 2006, a total of 1,223 Awami League leaders and activists were killed in crossfire and police custody by law enforcement forces including Operation Clean Heart. Bangladesh Awami League does not believe in revenge politics. Awami League government is determined to establish democracy and rule of law in the country at any cost.

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Why the flight from Israel to Dhaka? CAAB explained



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com
Photo: Collected

Photo: Collected

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The Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh (CAAB) explained about the direct landing of two flights from Israel in Dhaka recently.

In a circular signed by Mohammad Sohel Kamruzzaman, Deputy Director (Public Relations) of CAAB on Saturday, it is said that the attention of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAAB) has been drawn to the news published in the online edition of various newspapers and social media under the title 'Airplane from Israel has arrived in Dhaka'. One flight took off from Tel Aviv on April 7 and landed in Dhaka at 7:22 pm and took off from Dhaka at 11:55 pm with cargo and the other one landed in Dhaka on the night of April 11 and landed in Dhaka at 12:30 midnight on April 7 to transport Bangladeshi-made garments to the Middle East and Europe. The planes took off from Dhaka with cargo. Both the planes are registered in the United States and belong to National Airlines of that country.

The notification also said, 'Bangladesh and the United States have a bilateral aviation agreement. As per the aviation agreement, two cargo flights arrived at Dhaka. The garment flights from Dhaka went to Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates and a destination in Europe. There is no aviation agreement between Bangladesh and Israel and no Israeli aircraft has landed in Bangladesh.

The notification also said that there is a possibility of creating confusion in the public mind as a result of various online magazines and social media reporting the issue under the title 'Airplane from Israel has landed in Dhaka'. Moreover, such misleading news coverage is considered unintended and purposeful. All concerned are requested to refrain from reporting such news.

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How did the Fire men observe Eid?



Avijit Roy Kaushik, Barta24.com
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Eid means joy, Eid means happiness. But not everyone can enjoy that happiness with family. Some go home to enjoy Eid with their families. And no one tries to fulfill his responsibility so that the happiness of others does not turn into sadness due to any accident.

One such government service organization is fire service. Those who sacrifice their lives to save the lives of others do not retreat even a mole.

Is there really no celebration in their lives? How is their festival? Barta24.com has found these. According to the information received by Barta24.com, yesterday (April 11) the fire service officers and employees spent Eid on the run due to two major incidents in the capital. Apart from these two incidents, numerous small incidents have occurred in the capital. With which they had to go through the busy time.

Rozina Akhtar, the duty officer of the fire station's control room, told Barta24.com that on the Eid day (April 11), besides the fire at the Sadarghat launch terminal and the microbus accident on the expressway, several other incidents took place in the capital Dhaka. As a result, many of the fire officials had to spend busy time running around in these incidents. However, apart from the Sadarghat launch terminal and the expressway, no major accident occurred anywhere else.

Atiqur Rahman, Station Manager of Kurmitola Fire Station, told Barta24.com that we work in a service organization. It has been like this since the beginning of our service. We can go to the family on some Eids, and we can't go on some Eids. Since it is a service emergency organization, we have to be responsible for celebrating various festivals with our families. Eid can be celebrated with family when fortune is good. And if we are not lucky, we have to celebrate Eid with those who are on duty at our station.

He said, among those who are on duty at our station, some workers can go to celebrate Eid with their families. It was found that the station has a total of 30 employees, out of which 10 can go on leave.

In response to a question about how Eid was celebrated at the fire station, he said, after finishing prayers in the morning of Eid, the government organizes a big Khana (meal). This time there was also an arrangement. There was also an accident on the expressway. Fighters have been running around a lot with that. All in all, this is how Eid has passed for us.

Inspector Mahmud of Sadarghat Fire Station told Barta24.com that yesterday was the day of Eid. We finished the Eid prayers at our station and were performing our usual duties on Eid days. Then at 2:55 a.m. a sudden accident occurred at the launch terminal of Tasrif-4 and Farhan-6 launches. The Tasrif-4 launch was strapped to the platoon. The Farhan-6 launch was crowded at the wharf. At that time, the Tasrif-4 launch tore the rope and hit the passengers hard. There was a loud noise, so we ran to the spot. Basically, the torn rope hits the passengers' heads and their heads hit hard against various iron parts of the pontoon. Immediately they bleed profusely. We did not get a chance to recover them. They bled profusely in no time.

We also have some training to stop bleeding, he said. But we are in a state of shock after seeing the situation where their heads burst yesterday. Then we immediately sent him to the hospital on a stretcher. I checked the baby's pulse and saw that it was fine. I then rushed the baby, the baby's mother and another person to Mitford Hospital in an ambulance. Later I sent the other two in another ambulance. After this incident, running around thus our Eid was spent on running. Last year, a fire broke out in a launch during Eid. The service is also cut on the run. This time too. This is how Eid ends for us. I have not been able to spend Eid with my family for the last 6 years. Duty should be done considering own responsibility.

In response to the question whether there was any arrangement at the station for the fire service officers on duty on Eid, he said that there was an arrangement for Eid prayers in the morning by the fire service officials. Apart from this, lunch was organized by the government. There was nothing else. However, we were unable to celebrate even as much as we had planned due to such an accident at the launch terminal.

When asked when he last celebrated Eid with his family, this official said, I last celebrated Eid with my family 6 years ago. After that there was no chance for me to celebrate Eid. In fact, due to their sense of responsibility and duty, they have to do duty even on Eid at the request of senior sirs (officers). I am very sad for the family this Eid. Staying away from the family, how is the relationship with the family.

Before this, the holy Eid-ul-Fitr was being celebrated across the country on Thursday (April 11). On that day at around 5:17 PM, a fire occurred in a microbus on the Dhaka Elevated Expressway in the capital. Two units of Kurmitola Fire Service worked in this incident.

Also, on the same day, five passengers were killed and two seriously injured when the rope of the launch torn at Sadarghat in the capital. Immediately the workers of Sadarghat Fire Service started to rescue them and sent the injured to the hospital. In this incident, the naval police arrested five people including the driver and manager of two launches. Along with that, a three-member investigation committee was formed.

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